By: Mufti Musa Furber
In addition to forbidding animal abuse in general, the Prophet ﷺ also forbade taking their young, burning them, damaging their habitats, and exterminating species.
We were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ on a journey when he drew apart to relieve himself. We saw a red bird that had two young ones with it. We caught them and the red mother bird came, beating the earth with its wings. The Prophet ﷺ then returned and said, “Who has distressed this bird on account of its young? Return them to her.” He also noticed an ant mound which we had burnt up. He asked, “Who has set fire to this?” We replied, “We did.” He ﷺ said, “None should torture with fire save the Lord of the fire.”1)
The Prophet ﷺ said, “Five kinds of animals are mischief-doers and can be killed even in the Sacred Precinct: rats, scorpions, kites, crows, and rabid dogs.”2)
The Prophet ﷺ said: “If dogs were not a community (ummah) I should command that they all be killed. Rather kill every pure black one.”3)