July 25 2010
As France takes steps towards banning the burqa, Paris designers are staging their own unveilings in the Middle East.
Saks Fifth Avenue of Riyadh is a gleaming department store in the oil-rich Gulf state. It’s there that associates pull designer abayas with the labels of Paris fashion houses. These floor-length, robe-like dresses are worn by millions of Muslim women.
It’s meant to be modest — but that doesn’t mean it can’t be luxurious.
French labels by John Galliano of Dior as well as Nina Ricci and Jean Claude Jitrois appear in abayas adorned by Swarovski crystals and elaborate embroidery. They range in price for $2,000 to $2,500 for ready-to-wear. Although a couture abaya with a coordinating veil could go for as much as $11,500.
It shouldn’t be a surprise that French fashion is weighing into the burqa debate. Coco Chanel moved women’s clothing away from binding corsets, while Yves Saint Laurent pioneered the feminine suit. Today, as French President Nicholas Sarkozy wages his own war on the burqa and niqab, Givenchy is sending models down runways with their faces covered to protest the government’s stance.
The fashion industry is more often labelled as frivolous than political. But, it highlights an important point. In a globalized world where national borders are now less tightly bound than seams on a dress, institutionalized racism counteracts the gains we’ve made towards a more tolerant world.
While “burqa bans” are being contemplated across Europe, France is probably the most vocal in denouncing the garment. Last week, French Parliamentarians voted 336-1 in favour of a bill that would fine women US$190 if they are caught wearing a face-covering veil on the street, in public parks, on buses or in shops. Men who force their wives or daughters to wear a burqa or hiqab will face a fine of US$38,000 and face up to a year in prison.
This bill is counter-intuitive to women’s empowerment by further isolating a supposedly abused subsection of the population. Worse, it perpetuates stereotypes that Muslim women are submissive and validates racism and Islamophobia in our society.
While countries like Iran and Saudi Arabia use forced veilings and morality police to control their populations, these practices are not true to Islam. They should rightly be condemned. But, it must also be acknowledged that millions of Muslims around the world successfully marry their religious values with Western culture.
A browse through one of the hundreds of online stores for Muslim women in Europe and North America shows just how closely they can relate.
“If you’re looking for long tops that are very hijab friendly then you have to go to Gap and get your hands on the boyfriend shirt,” says a recent posting on Hijab Trendz, a popular fashion, beauty and entertainment blog for Muslim women, which called the shirt hijabilicious. “It’s perfect because of the length and looseness of the top.”
Rather than seeing the similarities between these cultures, many tend to focus negative values perpetuated by oppressive governments. That focus is now leading to the institutionalizing of the stereotype through a ban — something that only enforces a misconception rather than working towards tolerance on both ends.
Polls have shown that while the Western world debates the burqa, our image in the Middle East is less than favourable. As feminist media critic Fatemeh Fakhraie has pointed out, while governments work to change the Muslim world’s perception on the West, we do little to improve our own perception of the Muslim world.
That unfortunately is left to runways in Paris where designers take the bold step of using Islamic influences in their collections. But, if Chanel could make the corset passé, maybe today’s designers can introduce tolerance as the latest trend.